By D.V. Scott
Hardbound. quick evolution is occurring within the water marketplace around the world - pushed via elevated patron call for allied to the rarefraction of fresh water. The inherent features of composites fabrics linked to present fabrics and construction know-how is permitting the elevated use of formerly excessive rate fabrics and methods at ever lowering bills. The guide is designed to deliver specifiers on top of things with those fabrics and the recent parts of software linked to them, exploring the scope, functionality, fee effectiveness and environmental and legislative results in their use.
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Extra info for Advanced Materials for Water Handling: Composites and Thermoplastics
2 and 5 m m or more, depending upon the corrosive nature of the fluid being handled. 5 mm. 5 m m would generally be constructed from one or two layers of surface veil, heavily impregnated with resin, and showing a resin content of at least 90% by weight, although thermosetting resin liners without any fibre reinforcement can be made. The reinforcing veil is usually essential in avoiding cracking of the liner. Manufacturing a pipe or vessel body by filament winding requires that the making of the liner is the first operation in the production cycle, as is the case in most applications using contact or spray up technologies.
Oo cq O ~ a ~ z ~ ~ exl ~. r o00~ 0 , ~ ~C) e4 c,,1 tt~ ,~ m r 9 m zzzz a z ~- oo oo ix, I~ o a .. -.. 7 "~ ~. ~ ~ . X ~ ~ ~. o r ~ I E 8 o E 8 7 I / ,-~ k Materials k 51 CHAPTER 4 Production Technology Production techniques and technologies for moulding or forming thermoplastic and composite materials are too numerous and complex to be discussed in detail in this book. We have limited the information to a brief presentation of the main technologies used within the context of the water industry.
4 P A - polyamides Originally discovered in 1938, they exist in many different forms such as PA 6,6 (Nylon), PA 11 (Rilsan). Often used as an anti-corrosion coating on for example, steel flanges and supports. 5 P B T - polybutylene terephtalate This is an opaque material offering similar properties to PET, with improved impact and scratch resistance. 6 PC ~ polycarbonate Discovered in 1957, it offers the combination of transparency with an exceptional resistance to impact damage. 7 Pe - - polyethylene Originally discovered in 1937, this has now developed in a number of directions, as follows: 9 H d P e m h i g h density polyethylene; 9 M d P e w m e d i u m density polyethylene; 9 LdPe w l o w density polyethylene; and 9 various high-performance grades of polyethylene.
Advanced Materials for Water Handling: Composites and Thermoplastics by D.V. Scott