Forensic Science

Get Advances in Fingerprint Technology, Second Edition PDF

By Henry C. Lee, Robert Ramotowski, R. E. Gaensslen

ISBN-10: 0849309239

ISBN-13: 9780849309236

Fingerprints represent essentially the most vital different types of actual facts, and it really is one of the few that may be actually individualized. over the last 20 years, many new and interesting advancements have taken position within the box of fingerprint technological know-how, really within the realm of equipment for constructing latent prints and within the development of imaging and AFIS applied sciences. This totally up-to-date moment variation of the bestseller, Advances in Fingerprint know-how, covers significant advancements in latent fingerprint processing, together with actual, chemical, instrumental, and blend innovations. Written by way of a well known workforce of prime forensic id and criminalistic specialists, this priceless paintings offers intriguing growth in fingerprint technology.New during this edition:oLatent fingerprint chemistry oTechniques directed at lipid-soluble parts oMore succinct remedy of AFIS oA new method that applies nanocrystal expertise to latent fingerprint developmentoA systematic, statistically-based viewpoint in regards to the individuality of fingerprints

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Sample text

A latent print examiner will identify fingerprints by comparing ridge characteristics. 0923Ch02Frame Page 44 Monday, May 14, 2001 1:31 PM Objects are identified by comparing their class characteristics with those of known standards or previously established criteria. Comparing the class characteristics of the questioned evidence with those of known standards or control materials leads to identification. If all the measurable class characteristics are the same between the questioned sample and the known control, then these two samples could have come from the same source or origin.

The terminology is unfortunate, since this process is really individualization. Likewise, dental evidence and dental records may be used by a forensic odontologist in making personal individualization in situations where dead bodies cannot otherwise be readily identified, such as mass disasters and cases involving fire or explosions. The little information that is available in the identification literature regarding the processes of evaluation and individualization usually covers only the numbers of points required for an identification or the methods of demonstrating an identification in legal proceedings.

Hons), FFS, who is in charge of the Cambridgeshire Constabulary Fingerprint Bureau, has evolved a searching system which has proven highly successful in the last three years. Since 1998, computer searching at his bureau has revealed the magnificent total of 344 cold identifications. This was the world's first truly successful computer searching system. It is in use in the Miami-Dade Bureau, Florida, USA, and in the Garda Siochana Bureau, the Republic of Ireland, and they are delighted with the results.

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Advances in Fingerprint Technology, Second Edition by Henry C. Lee, Robert Ramotowski, R. E. Gaensslen

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