By Russil Durrant
Crime is a subject that's of substantial curiosity to policy-makers, politicians and
the public alike. we wish to recognize what components can clarify the character and
prevalence of crime in society and use this information to raised strengthen ways for handling legal behaviour.
This booklet presents a accomplished review of techniques to knowing crime and felony behaviour, with a spotlight on mental views. a variety of types of felony behaviour are thought of, together with juvenile crime, violent offending, sexual offending, collective violence and drug use. for every kind of offence a transparent evaluate of key conceptual and methodological concerns is supplied, besides a close attention of the foremost theoretical methods which have been built. The booklet concludes by way of contemplating how our theoretical figuring out of crime can tell our responses to legal behaviour when it comes to punishment, prevention and rehabilitation.
Key positive aspects of the booklet include:
• an in-depth insurance of a wide diversity of alternative different types of legal behaviour;
• inclusion of a various variety of other theoretical perspectives;
• accessibly written, with vast use of case reviews, containers and activities;
• an in depth use of up to date references that spotlight the present kingdom of data within the box of legal psychology.
This publication might be of curiosity to scholars, teachers, researchers and practitioners with an curiosity in felony behaviour, and is very compatible for undergraduate classes in legal psychology, forensic psychology and mental criminology.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Criminal Psychology
4). 3 The synapse Note: Chemical substances known as neurotransmitters are released from the terminal buttons of neurons, cross the synaptic cleft and trigger activity in receiving neurons. with impulsivity and aggression, and in Chapter 2 we will see that changes in the dopaminergic system may play a role in heightened risk for antisocial behaviour during adolescence. The dopaminergic system is also the target for most drugs of abuse and hence, as we will see in Chapter 8, plays a role in our understanding of drug use and addiction.
A good deal of research has explored to what extent specific personality characteristics may make some individuals more likely to offend than others, with a prominent role afforded to the capacity for self-control. Social-cognitive approaches to understanding criminal behaviour also focus on the way that offenders tend to perceive their social world and how this might influence the development of criminal behaviour. Some offenders may also suffer from specific mental disorders that may make them more likely to commit crime, although as we shall see in Chapter 3 the relationship between mental disorder and crime is a complex one.
A number of these single traits have been explored in the context of criminal and antisocial behaviour, with a particular focus on impulsivity, empathy and narcissism. Consider the following choice. Would you rather I give you $100 now or would you rather wait one year and receive $120? When I pose this question to my class of undergraduate students there is an almost unanimous response: they want the $100 now. Even if I slide the amount to be received in a year’s time up to $150 most will still plump for the $100.
An Introduction to Criminal Psychology by Russil Durrant