By Thanu Padmanabhan

ISBN-10: 9812566384

ISBN-13: 9789812566386

ISBN-10: 9812566872

ISBN-13: 9789812566874

This distinctive booklet presents a transparent and lucid description of numerous facets of astrophysics and cosmology in a language comprehensible to a physicist or newbie in astrophysics. It offers the most important themes in all branches of astrophysics and cosmology in an easy and concise language. The emphasis is on presently lively learn components and intriguing new frontiers instead of on extra pedantic subject matters. Many advanced effects are brought with easy, novel derivations which boost the conceptual figuring out of the topic. The booklet additionally includes over 100 workouts for you to support scholars of their self research. Undergraduate and graduate scholars in physics and astrophysics in addition to all physicists who're drawn to acquiring a short take hold of of astrophysical suggestions will locate this booklet worthwhile.

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**Extra resources for An Invitation to Astrophysics**

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If M\ and M2 are the masses of earth and the moon, R is the distance between their centers, we can compute the effective gravitational potential at any given point with coordinates (r, 9) using Eq. 17). ) The potential due to the Moon is given by v 1/2 GM2 / I2 Z ~ l + ^-2-cos6N R \ R? 32) ^cos0+i(3cos20-l)-^ + 0 ( ^ where we have done a Taylor expansion in l/R. ) The term (l/R) cos 6 varies linearly along the z = I cos 0 direction from Mi to M2 so that its gradient gives a constant force. This is precisely canceled by a corresponding term in the centrifugal force; which is, of course, necessary for the centrifugal force to keep the bodies in circular orbits.

The former is given by the number of scatterers in the volume (2nbdb)(vAt). 63) where n is the number density of scatterers. The total mean-square transverse velocity due to all stars is found by integrating over b within some range (61,62): ((^x) 2 )totai ^At T (2Mb) (vn) (G2w? b2v2 2wnG2m2 . , fb2\ = _ _ A t l n ^ j . 64) The logarithmic factor shows that we cannot take 61 = 0,62 = 00 and one needs to use some physical criteria to fix 61 and 62. It is reasonable to take 62 ~ R, the size of the system; As regards 61, notice that the effect discussed earlier in Eq.

The importance of this process lies in the fact that it operates at a time scale which is just a factor of few larger than the dynamical time scale. 5 Relativistic gravity So far, we have discussed gravity in the Newtonian framework. There are several astrophysical applications in which one needs to go beyond this and use concepts from general relativity, which we will briefly introduce in this section. We developed the Newtonian gravity starting with the notion of gravitational potential

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