By Jan W. Gooch
`...In end, this e-book should be a really valuable resource of reference for the polymer analyst operating in academia or who has to characterise and deformulate quite a lot of polymer products.'
Polymer trying out, 18:231-232 (1999)
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Additional info for Analysis and Deformulation of Polymeric Materials: Paints, Plastics, Adhesives, and Inks
The term ESCA was coined by Professor Kai Siegbahn et al. (1969) in Uppsala, Sweden. 13. Photograph of Surface Science Laboratories, Model SSX- 100 Small Spot Electron Spectroscopy Chemical Analysis Spectrometer. Reprinted with permission of Surface Science Laboratories. 14. ESCA spectrogram of paint pigment, lead carbonate, and calcium sulfate. 30 Chapter 2 Surface Analysis 31 The advantage of ESCA lies in its ability to provide detailed chemical information about the surface-near surface regions of solid materials.
However, there are many important observations that can be made using light microscopy: Surface Analysis 13 1. The interface at an adhesive bond showing good adhesion, Contamination, etc. 2. Pigments, fibers, and other particles of all types and colors 3. Erosion, deterioration, inclusions, and contaminants 4. Fractures, cracks and pinholes (Roulin-Moloney, 1989) 5. 2. 1. Fundamentals Electron microscopy is useful for studying the pigments, particle size and distribution, and surfaces where very high resolution is required.
The infrared spectrum of a compound is essentially the superposition of absorption bands of specific functional groups, yet subtle interactions with the surrounding atoms of the molecule impose the stamp of individuality on the spectrum of each compound. 1 lists chemical groups and their infrared absorption frequencies. For qualitative analysis, one of the best features of an infrared spectrum is that the absorption or the lack of absorption in specific frequency regions can be correlated with specific stretching and bending motions and, in some cases, with the relationship of these groups to the remainder of the molecule.
Analysis and Deformulation of Polymeric Materials: Paints, Plastics, Adhesives, and Inks by Jan W. Gooch